Uçhisar is situated at the highest point in the region, just 7km from the Nevşehir. The castle and its surroundings used to be the most populated area of this settlement, which resembles Ortahisar in style. However, as the population increased and the danger caused by erosion became greater, people moved away.
The top of the citadel provides a magnificient panorama of the surrounding area. Simple Byzantine graves, cut from the rock can be seen here. It is said that in towns with citadels, tunnels run from the citadel to the valley floors. These were built for defence and escape purposes, but are hardly visible now due to collapse and erosion.
The fairy chimneys to the north, West and East of Uçhisar were hollowed out and used as graves during the Roman perios. Dovecotes were cut into the side of these fairy chimneys.
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